Genus: Nyssa The name refers to a Greek water nymph. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Use them to naturalize low, boggy areas and places with periodic flooding. Spring is supposed to be the better season to plant them. Tupelo Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. It is made into preserves and can also be as a substitute for lime juice. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. to 90 cm.) But, in the hands of the right beekeeper, those trees wed with honey bees to make some of … Even more specifically, real Tupelo honey only comes from the White Tupelo tree (also known as the white gum Tupelo or the Ogechee lime tree). Birds also nest in the swamp tupelo. White-tailed deer browse on the tree’s twigs. Found in swamps but does well on drier sites. 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Very important tree in the Florida honey industry. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Honey made from the white tupelo gum tree, Nyssa ogeche, is top quality table honey and is valued for its uniquely delicious flavor and its inability to granulate. The Apalachicola River is the center of Tupelo Honey production in the United States, with abundant growths of white tupelos. Figure 1. The white tupelo gum tree (Nyssa ogeche ‘Bartram’) is limited by its environment. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica). Here in the river swamps, this honey is produced in a … The wood is light (specific gravity of 0.46), soft, tough but not strong. For a few weeks every spring, the nyssa ogeche tree yields its fragrant white flowers in the North Florida and South Georgia wetlands. You may want to ask advice of an extension agent (through your local university) or someone at the nursery where you obtained them. The 1.5-inch-long, showy red fruits on female trees are produced in abundance and ripen in autumn. Tupelo ogeche trees on the Suwannee river, north. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Nyssa ogeche, commonly referred to as Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime is a deciduous tree. Although it grows in other areas as well, you won’t find another region with the concentration of white tupelos equal to this 100-mile (160 km.) This tree is flood-tolerant and grows in USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9. [5] The honey made from the nectar is known as "tupelo honey. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Distribution: Eastern North America. [4] The fruit is produced in small clusters of 2–3, is up to 4 centimeters long, and has a thick, juicy, very acidic flesh containing a single seed. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990567A61990570.en, "Ogeechee tupelo - Nyssa ogeche - USDA Plant files", "Ogeche Tree - Nyssa ogeche - Virginia Tech Dept. The leaves are shiny and bright green in summer, turning several lovely shades of red, orange, yellow and purple in fall. The bases of Tupelo Gum trees are swollen or flared outward but with out flutes like a cypress tree. The Tupelo Tree. [2] Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The flowers are pollinated by bees. The White Tupelo is predominantly found in North Florida where it prefers the moist climate of river banks and basins of the rivers that flow into the Gulf of Mexico. Flowers: White, not showy flowers in the spring. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). The four- to six-inch-long, dark green leaves are joined in early spring by dense, hanging clusters of small, white blooms. These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. The juice can be used as a substitute for limes, Beekeepers must clean the comb for tupelo honey when the tree is in bloom. It has a native range that centers around Northwest Florida in a low area fed by the Chattahoochee River system. Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica. Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. The name tupelo is the common name used for Nyssa, comes from a Native American language, the Creek, from the words ito ‘tree… Even though they prefer wet soil, they tolerate brief periods of drought. This give the tupelo gum tree a wider base which give it more stability in the swamps and lowland forests. Tupelo Gum (Nyssa aquatica) Tupelo Gum also known as water tupelo, swamp tupelo grow to about 90 feet tall. Its popular name derives from two Creek Indian words meaning tree (eto) and water (opelwu), and its latin name, Nyssa aquatica, means Water Nymph. long, dark-green leaves are … The tree is too rare and small for the wood to be economically important.[3]. What's so special about tupelo? Ogeechee tupelo requires a very moist site and is distributed along the borders of rivers, swamps, and ponds that are frequently inundated. Harvesting Tupelo honey is no easy feat. People who live in the area actually call this honey swamp honey, which makes sense because the area where the white tupelo trees grow is actually considered swampland. Native to the Eastern U.S., the tupelo tree is an attractive shade tree that thrives in open areas with plenty of room to spread and grow. * A tree to 60 ft. known for its 1/2-3/4 in. Nyssa ogeche (Ogechee Tupelo/White Tupelo) Female trees bear oblong fruit that are edible. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. The flowers are pollinated by bees. This page was last edited on 26 June 2020, at 11:13. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Tupelo honey is produced from the tupelo gum tree which grows profusely along the Chipola and Apalachicola rivers of northwest Florida. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. In addition, the flowers provide nectar for bees. Trees planted in alkaline soil die young. 1). Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. White tupelo is supposed to be difficult to transplant because of its taproot, but plants in containers are more likely to survive than bare root plants. long stretch near the Gulf of Mexico. Middle-aged Ogeechee Tupelo. There are many uses for tupelo trees in areas large enough to accommodate their size. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. Water tupelos have large, dark green leaves that turn yellow in the autumn. According to swamp tupelo information, white-tailed deer love to eat the tree’s new growth and leaves, and many birds and mammals munch its nutritious fruits. Small greenish-white flowers are followed by purple or blue fruits. Nyssa ogeche, commonly referred to as Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime is a deciduous tree. It is found in abundance along the Ogeechee, Altamaha, and Suwannee Rivers, and in certain wet flatwood regions between the Choctawhatchee and Wakulla Rivers of Florida. The water tupelo is an aquatic tree with an open crown of large, shiny leaves and a straight trunk with a swollen base. diameter, red fruits that are pleasantly flavored and used as a substitute for limes. The wood is of little value, but the mature fruits and their juice are used by people. One thing they won’t tolerate is pollution, whether it is in the soil or the air, so it’s best to keep them out of urban environments. Fruit. Tupelo trees are an important food source for wildlife. It is coarse grained, difficult to split and of little value. It grows naturally from the borders of South Carolina near the coast through the Ogeechee Valley in Georgia to Clay County in northern Florida and Washington County in western Florida. Tupelo tree growing conditions include full sun or partial shade and deep, acidic, evenly moist soil. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Thousands of hectares of Ogeechee tupelo have been planted in bee farms along the lower Apalachicola River and around swamps where it grows naturally. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. We’ll explain why that’s so important shortly. The birds that visit the tree to clean up the last of the berries also add winter interest. It has a native range that centers around Northwest Florida in a low area fed by the Chattahoochee River system. The area is famous for its high-quality tupelo honey. Tupelo is a rare and wonderful honey produced from the White Ogeechee Tupelo Tree (nyssa ogeche). Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. It is deciduous and starts very symmetrical with a pyramidal shape, but ages to an irregular form. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Tupelo definition is - any of a genus (Nyssa of the family Nyssaceae) of North American and Asian deciduous trees that have simple alternate leaves, small usually greenish-white dioecious flowers, and a rounded drupe; especially : black gum. Tupelo Honey (Nyssa Ogeche) Tupelo honey is a high grade honey produced in a small region in North Western Florida and Southern Georgia from White Ogeechee Tupelo trees. The mature fruit, known as Ogeechee lime, has a subacid flavor. Ogeechee tupelo is also known as Ogeechee gum, Ogeechee-lime, wild lime tree, gopher plum, white tupelo, sour tupelo-gum, sour tupelo, white tupelo gum, lone tupelo, lime tree, and bee tupelo. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. The crown is flattened and spreading usually looking ratty. The berries contain seeds by which the seeds propagate. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. They are usually dioecious, so a male and female tree must be in proximity for reproductive success. One to several trunks are crooked and the 4-6 in. If you could taste the exuberant fresh air of spring, it would surely be found in pure tupelo honey. Tupelo honey is produced in the Okeefenokee Wildlife Refuge and the Apalachicola River basin in Florida, where the peninsula turns into the Florida panhandle. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Ogeechee tupelo (Nyssa ogeche), also called Ogeechee-lime, sour tupelo-gum, white tupelo, and bee-tupelo (3), is a scarce small tree or much branched shrub found along rivers and swamps of the Coastal Plain in constantly wet soils that are often flooded. Other names: Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime. Ogeechee Tupelo1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION First discovered by William Bartram along the Ogeechee River in Georgia, Ogeechee-Lime is a lovely native tree which reaches 40 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown (Fig. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Find out about tupelo tree care and maintenance in this article. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source of nectar for bees. The white tupelo gum tree (Nyssa ogeche ‘Bartram’) is limited by its environment. Other mammals that find nurture in swamp tupelo trees include bears, raccoons and wild turkey. The tree remains interesting in winter because its regular, horizontal branches give it an attractive profile. The Water Tupelo (Tupelo Gum) Tree has a swollen base, grows large and lives a long life in Southern swamps or flood plains, The Water Tupelo (Sour Gum) Tree often may be found growing in pure stands, and it grows anywhere from Virginia to Northwestern Florida and then westward to Texas, in a wide range of environments, even the swamps of the Deep South. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. Pests: Free of serious pests and diseases, but it can be affected by tupelo leaf miner, scale, leaf spot and rust. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. Apr 11, 2013 - Neal Pollard The white tupelo tree grows in abundance only in the wetlands of the Florida panhandle and south Georgia ("tupelo" is a Creek Indian word meaning "swamp"). The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. They make excellent shade trees and can serve as street trees where overhead wires aren’t a concern. It … Description: First discovered by William Bartram along the Ogeechee River in Georgia, Ogeechee Tupelo is a lovely native tree which reaches 40 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown. Sign up for our newsletter. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. the tree often develops swollen buttress-type roots as it gets older. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. 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